Once the capital of former princely state of Marwar, Jodhpur is a splendid city situated on the edge of Thar Desert. The second largest state of Rajasthan is one of the famous tourist destinations. It has many magnificent forts and palaces and offers hear-warming hospitality. Also known as "Sun City", Jodhpur was founded be Rao Jodha of Rathore Clan in 1459. Divided into two parts, Old City and New City, Jodhpur is situated on ancient silk route. The Mehrangarh fort in Jodhpur is a perfect example of Rajput might and glory.
Like the other cities of Rajasthan, Jodhpur too has a story behind its origin. The credit of the foundation of Jodhpur goes to Rao Jodha of Rathora clan. Ousted by Afghans from their homeland, Kanauj, the Rathore clan fled to Pali. Rathore Siahaji married the sister of local prince. This helped Rathore clan to strengthen their roots in the region. Their power grew with passage of time and they drove away Pratiharas of Mandore. As their Kingdom expanded, Rathore felt the necessity for a secure capital and led to the foundation of the Jodhpur. The Rathore had a cordial relationship with Mughals with an exception of Aurangzeb. After Aurangzeb's death, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to their kingdom. Under the leadership of Maharaja Ajit Singh, the city prospered. During the regime of British the city grew further and become a part of Independent India.
Jodhpur Tourist Attractions
The city is popular for forts, palaces and bazaars. The massive Mehrangarh fort spread over 5 kms of land is a must visit. The fort houses many palaces, temples and museums. Umaid Bhawan palace has the privilege of being the first the largest pivate residence of the world. A part of it has been converted into heritage hotel and rest as a museum. Jaswant Thada, built in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh is situated near Mehrangarh fort. It is a cluster of royal cenotaphs built in white marble in 1899 A.D. Jodhpur has three museums - Government Museum, Mehrangarh Fort Museum and Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum.
Reaching Jodhpur by Road, Rail and Air
Jodhpur by Air - Jodhpur Airport is situated 5 km away from the city. There are regular flights connecting Jodhpur to rest of the country.
Rail - The city is well linked with other destinations of the country. The luxury train "Palace on Wheels" covers this city as well.
Road - The city has a good network of roads connecting it to the rest of the country. State roadways and private bus operators run buses linking Jodhpur to the rest of the cities of Rajasthan and North India.